Located at the tri junction of the three states, Madumalai the most popular wildlife sanctuary and also a National Park is home to endangered species of wildlife animals. The wildlife sanctuary was declared as National Park in the year 1990 with a total area of 103.24 Km2. Later in 2007 the Tamilnadu State Government declared Madumalai as a TIGER RESERVE. The National Park is divided into five ranges i.e. Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota.
Madumalai National Park is an important tiger reserve due to the population of tiger which counts to be around 50. When the reserve was declared as Tiger Reserve, 350 families were ask to evict the core zone of the wildlife and a compensation was given to all which cost the state government near about 1 million rupee. Those residing in the buffer zone got an opportunity to get engaged in the project as a guide or trackers, to enhance their income.
Madumalai National Park is home to various species of plants. The dominant flora found inside the park are erminalia arjuna, Pongamia glabra, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia crenulata, Shorea roxburgi, Terminalia bellerica, Indian rosewood Dalbergia latifoli, erminalia arjuna, Pongamia glabra, etc.
Home to various species of animals, Madumalai National Park is an ideal place to enjoy the different species of animals in their natural home. Some of the animals which have made this national park their home are Hyena, Jackal, Sloth Bear, Barking Deer, Nilgiri Tahr, Four Horn Antelope, Elephants, Leopards and Tigers.
Madumali is not only home to various species of flora and fauna but birds of different species are also found here. Some of the most commonly seen birds here are Green Pigeons, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Crested Serpent Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagles, Hornbills, Black Woodpecker, Mynas, Brown Dove, Barbets, Buzzards, etc.
Safari is conducted in Madumalai National Park twice every day. Morning Van Safari is conducted from 6:00 AM till 9:00 AM and Night 3:30 PM till 6:00 PM
Cost of the Ticket: For half an hour round Rs. 45 per person and in one van a number of 25 passengers can ride for safari.
Half an hour Elephant safari is conducted and the ticket is sold at Ooty Forest Office and 50% of the ticket is sold at Mudumalai Theppakadu reception. Ticket is sold on the first come first serve basis.
Timing of Elephant Safari: Morning 7:00 AM to 8:30 AM and Evening 3:30 PM to 5:00 PM
Cost of the Ticket: Rs. 100 per and on one elephant a maximum of 4 person is allowed for safari
Best time to Visit: February to May and September to October is considered to be the best time to visit Madumalai National Park.
Restrictions: Littering or disturbing the natural atmosphere of the animals with any sort of activities apart from safari and photography is a punishable act.